Healthy Environment, Healthy Community, Healthy Business

Environment Protection Authority

Environmental Issues

Waste and recycling

Illegal dumping prevention measures

A combination of mechanisms, if used strategically, can be more effective than one method alone. The idea is to make illegal dumping harder and less attractive by using the following five approaches.

Prevention measures

Increase the effort: stop dumpers entering your land

Install physical barriers:

  • concrete blocks, logs boulders, earth mounds
  • fencing and locked gates.

Case studies

Engaging the community through Clean Up Australia Day

Increase the risk of getting caught

  • Strengthen surveillance and patrolling:
    • use cameras and signs (PDF 5.1MB) to indicate the area is being watched
    • patrol hotspots
    • encourage members of the community to report instances of illegal dumping.
  • Install lighting and design landscaping to help increase offenders’ visibility.
  • Carry out periodic high-profile compliance or enforcement action (may include working with others).
  • Establish and maintain working partnerships with private landholders, government agencies, educational institutions, local Aboriginal land councils and local councils.

Case studies

Reduce the rewards: deny financial benefits

  • Let dumpers know they will get caught.
  • Issue fines to offenders (or work with others who have authority).
  • Require offenders to clean up (or work with others who have authority).

Case studies

Reduce provocations: don't give illegal dumpers a reason to dump

  • Clean up waste and keep areas free of illegal dumping.
  • Use landscaping, revegetation and beautification to foster community pride and enhance the area's aesthetic appeal.
  • Promote the value of your land.
  • Install signs (PDF 5.1MB).

Case studies

Remove excuses: educate and inform the community

  • Help inform the community about your local waste services.
  • Carry out education programs outlining responsibilities and the hefty fines and penalties for illegal dumping.
  • Publicise your efforts.

Case studies

Where circumstances allow, monitoring points can be simplified through the use of directional arrows to indicate where to take the photo from and the direction of the photo (above and below). Photo: HCCREMS 2011.

Where circumstances allow, monitoring points can be simplified through the use of directional arrows to indicate where to take the photo from and the direction of the photo. Photo: HCCREMS 2011.

Review your prevention program

Many areas continue to experience illegal dumping problems after a site has been cleaned up. Review your program to identify the need for any further intervention. This may involve refining the initial response, or trying something completely different. It may also be necessary to keep an eye on newly emerging problems so they can be dealt with as quickly as possible.

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Page last updated: 14 January 2015