In most cases local councils deal with litter laws, complaints and enquiries. Councils are authorised to take action but it is up to each council to decide how they will proceed. These actions could include advice, warnings, fines or a combination of these approaches. Councils may also choose to refer the matter to the industry body – the Distribution Standards Board.
The litter laws are supported by the industry's own Code of Practice with regard to correct delivery of advertising material. The Distribution Standards Board is willing to take action to ensure its members comply with litter laws.
Several government agencies also have powers to enforce the litter laws, including the EPA, NSW National Parks and Wildlife Service and the NSW Police.