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1080 bait user guidance fact sheet

Pesticide Control (1080 Liquid Concentrate and Bait Products) Order 2010

This page is a general guide for people who are authorised to use 1080 bait products. It provides background information about 1080 and general guidance on how to comply with the rules set out in the Pesticide Control (1080 Liquid Concentrate and Bait Products) Order 2010. This pesticide control order (PCO) commenced on 6 August 2010 and is in force until it is cancelled or replaced by another 1080 PCO.

The 1080 PCO has four schedules that set out in detail the conditions on the use of all 1080 pesticide products. The schedules relate to the control of wild dogs, foxes, feral pigs and rabbits respectively. An electronic copy of Pesticide Control (1080 Liquid Concentrate and Bait Products) Order 2010 is available on the EPA's pesticide control order webpage.

Always remember that you must follow the detailed instructions contained in the 1080 PCO and the schedule for the pest animal that you want to control with 1080 baits.

The information here is only provided to give the 1080 user an overview of the PCO requirements.

Background information

General guidance

Background information

What is 1080?

Pest animals and invasive plants are a threat to agriculture and forestry. 1080 (pronounced 'ten-eighty') is the common name given to the poison sodium fluoroacetate that is used as a vertebrate pesticide in NSW to control specific pest animals: wild dogs, foxes, feral pigs and rabbits. All 1080 pesticide products including 1080 baits are classified as restricted pesticides and as such can only be used in accordance with directions given in a PCO. 1080 pesticides include liquid concentrate products and ready-to-use bait products.

Only an Authorised Control Officer can use 1080 liquid concentrate products. These officers have undergone specific training and received accreditation in the preparation and use of vertebrate poisons such as 1080 and must be employed by  the Local Land Services (formerly Livestock Health and Pest Authority), Office of Environment & Heritage (NSW National Parks and Wildlife Service), Wild Dog Destruction Board or a NSW public authority. The 1080 PCO provides details of training requirements for such officers.

Use of 1080 baits may pose certain risks to the environment, wildlife and domestic animals. The 1080 PCO aims to minimise such risks by requiring users to take necessary precautions when using 1080 products.

What rules do I need to comply with if I use 1080 in NSW?

To use 1080, you need to comply with Pesticide Control (1080 Liquid Concentrate and Bait Products) Order 2010. This Order:

  • authorises the use of all 1080 pesticide products in NSW for specific pest animals
  • defines who can use 1080
  • replaces the previous PCO relating to 1080 use for pest animal control
  • sets conditions on how 1080 can be used and where
  • sets requirements for recovery and disposal of 1080 baits, containers and animal carcasses
  • make provision for the use and labelling of unregistered 1080 bait material.

Does the 1080 PCO replace the two existing orders that relate to the use of 1080 for research purposes?

No. There are two previously existing 1080 pesticide control orders issued for research purposes that have not been replaced by the new order. They are:

General guidance

Who can supply me with 1080 baits?

Only an Authorised Control Officer (ACO) from Local Land Services (LLS) or another public authority can supply you with 1080 baits. Before handing over any baits to you, the ACO or an LLS employee must give you:

  • An indemnity or consent form to fill in and sign for every property on which you, or the person for whom you are picking up 1080 baits, will use the baits. You will be given a copy of the form once completed and signed.
  • A copy of the 1080 PCO and the relevant schedule relating to the pest animal you plan to target.

The ACO can do a risk assessment before handing over any 1080 baits to you. This is most likely to occur in cases where you have not used 1080 before or when you are part of a group baiting program. The ACO will also check if you or the person for whom you are picking up 1080 baits, has been trained in pesticide use as required by the Pesticides Regulation 2009.

When asked, you should show the ACO or LLS employee a copy of the pesticides training accreditation of the person who will be using the 1080 baits.

If you are not the person who will use the baits, check the relevant Schedule for details of whether or not you are authorised to receive/possess the type of bait needed to control the pest animal being targeted and what you are expected to do.

In certain situations you may be exempt from training in the use of 1080. The Pesticides Regulation provides an exemption for occasional use of pesticides which allows use under supervision in agricultural or forestry situations. The occasional use exemption for 1080 and pindone use web page has further details.

What do I need to do before using 1080 baits?

Obtain baits

Always obtain 1080 baits as close as possible to the time you need to use them. 

Complete the indemnity form

You must read and complete an indemnity or consent form, which the ACO or LLS employee give you, for each property on which 1080 baits will be used. A copy of each indemnity or consent/indemnity form you complete will be given to you for your own records.

Read and follow the pesticide control order

You must read and follow the requirements set out in Pesticide Control (1080 Liquid Concentrate and Bait Products) Order 2010 and the relevant schedule.

Keep and store 1080 bait products legally

For details see Section 3 (Possession of 1080 ... bait) in the relevant schedule for the pest animal you are targeting. This section sets out where, under what conditions and how long you can store 1080 bait products.

Always store baits in a lockable storage area and away from children, animal food, foodstuffs, seed and fertiliser.

Notify neighbours

Before you begin 1080 baiting, you must notify all neighbours whose property boundary lies within 1 kilometre of your property. If your property area is larger than 100 hectares, you must notify all neighbours whose property boundary lies within 1 kilometre of the area of your property where 1080 baits are going to be used.

Neighbours can be notified by telephone, email or in person. If none of these options are possible you may also notify your neighbours by mail (including letterbox drop). Lastly, if your neighbours cannot be contacted by any of these methods, or the number of neighbours is more than 25, you may notify them by placing an advertisement in a local newspaper.

You must give your neighbours prior notice of at least 3 days before you lay baits. If you do not start baiting within 10 days of notifying your neighbours, you will need to notify your neighbours again before you lay any 1080 baits.

Put up 1080 poison notice (sign)

Before you begin baiting you must put up 1080 poison notices that warn people you are using 1080 baits on your property. These signs must be placed at the main entrance to a private property or holding and at every entry point to the baiting location. A sign must be placed at up to 5 km intervals along public thoroughfares, which border or pass through the baiting location. 1080 poison notices can be obtained from Authorised Control Officers.

The 1080 poison notice must include information about:

  • the specific type of baits to be laid on the property, e.g. 1080 wild dog bait
  • when the baits will be laid
  • contact details of the person who will lay the 1080 baits
  • a warning that other animals may be affected by the bait (such as domestic dogs).

1080 poison notices must remain in place for a minimum of 4 weeks after the last day 1080 baits are used.

Aerial baiting requirements

Where ever possible, consider using ground baiting instead of aerial baiting. Aerial baiting can only be done in certain circumstances and with certain types of 1080 bait products. There may also be specific restrictions on what type of aircraft can be used.

In all instances aerial baiting is not permitted unless the Director-General of NSW Department of Industry and Investment (or their delegate) has approved aerial baiting on your property via an aerial baiting program. See the aerial baiting section of your schedule for further details.

Distance restrictions for aerial baiting in respect of property boundaries, habitations, waterways and public roads are usually different from ground baiting distance restrictions. Make sure you know what they are: read the relevant schedule of the 1080 PCO for the pest animal to be targeted.

What do I need to do when placing 1080 baits?

Distance restrictions

The distances you must lay baits away from property boundaries, habitations, waterways and public roads when baiting are set out in detail in the schedules of the 1080 PCO. These distance restrictions are different for ground and aerial baiting.

Distance restrictions: exemptions for group baiting programs

Exemptions apply for both ground and aerial application of 1080 baits in relation to property boundaries when you are part of a group-baiting program. Conditions apply as set out in the schedules of the 1080 PCO.

Group-baiting exemption provisions in respect of human habitations for all vertebrate pests also apply when you are part of a group-baiting program. Again, read the schedule of the 1080 PCO to find out what conditions apply.

Exemption provisions also apply in respect to the habitation of the person using 1080 baits. Make sure you read the schedule of the 1080 PCO to see what conditions apply.

What do I have to do after placing 1080 baits?

Keeping and storing 1080 bait products

You can only temporarily keep and store 1080 products on your property. Make sure you read Condition 3.8 of the schedule of the 1080 PCO so that you know what conditions apply.

All unopened 1080 bait products must be returned to the Authorised Control Officer who issued the baits.

Recovery and disposal of 1080 products and containers

When you have finished using 1080 baits on your property, you should, where practical, collect any untaken 1080 baits. All untaken baits and any unused 1080 baits that cannot be returned to the Authorised Control Officer must be disposed of by burial (minimum of 500 mm depth) in a disposal pit on your property that is clear of waterways and will not cause pollution of waterways.

When you are part of a co-ordinated program, the Authorised Control Officer can approve for baits to be disposed of on another property when this is necessary.

Containers that have held 1080 products can either be buried or burnt. Only plastic bags that have held 1080 bait product can be burnt. Full instructions on what you need to do to bury baits and bury or burn containers are set out in section 4 of each schedule of the 1080 PCO.

Recovery and disposal of carcasses

To the extent where possible, a person who uses 1080 baits should recover carcasses of poisoned animals and bury them in accordance with Condition 4.8 of the relevant schedule of the 1080 PCO.

What happens if I do not comply with the Order and its schedules?

The EPA regulates the use of pesticides in NSW. Strict penalties may apply if you do not comply with a pesticide control order. Under the Pesticides Act 1999, the maximum penalty that a court can impose for failing to comply with a pesticide control order is $60,000 for an individual and $120,000 for a corporation.

Where can I get more information?

More information about pesticide control orders can be obtained by calling Environment Line on 131 555 (cost of a local call)

Page last updated: 28 October 2015