Healthy Environment, Healthy Community, Healthy Business

Environment Protection Authority

Environmental Issues

Waste and recycling

Waste publications and reports for local councils

Litter prevention reports and case studies

New South Wales litter results for 2015-16

Keep Australia Beautiful has released the 2015-16 National Litter Index (NLI) data results. The EPA report shows both the New South Wales and National litter results based on this data.

The report provides important information for New South Wales to understand litter across the state and develop programs and policies to tackle the problem. Importantly, this information is used to track progress towards achieving the Premier's Priority to reduce the volume of litter in NSW by 40% by 2020.

Key results for 2015-16 show a 12% reduction in litter volume and a 4% reduction in litter items in NSW.

NSW litter reports

Illegal dumping

Illegal dumping is diposing of waste, usually bags of household rubbish, old furniture, tyres, garden waste or other general household items, on road sides, paddocks, vacant blocks instead of a designated landfill site.

Illegal dumping research

Litter case studies

Mixed-use development Sutherland Shire

A mixed-use development is made up of retail, food and residential components, both high- and low-rise. Waste management systems are differentiated between the low-rise, high-rise and commercial elements of the development. Importantly, waste from the commercial sector remains segregated from the domestic waste at all times. This complex shows different elements of waste management for this type of complex.

Sutherland Shire case study 1 (PDF 302KB)

Mixed-use development Sutherland Shire (2)

Sutherland Shire Council works with developers to identify waste requirements and provide flexible services where possible, particularly for large-scale developments that generate high quantities of garbage and recycling. This mixed-use development is located in a popular tourist area. The development consists of nine storeys of residential accommodation above three levels of cafes and restaurants and a low-rise residential complex located along the front of the development above commercial premises. It represents various elements of waste management practices.

Sutherland Shire case study 2 (PDF 304KB)

Low-rise villa Leichhardt

This large-scale multi-unit dwelling development has 60 low-rise villas of two storeys and garage. The site has dual frontage that assists collection, and a number of waste storage areas located in each block of units for effective service provision. Each communal storage area is conveniently located for residential access and allows easy transfer of bins to the kerbside collection point. The storage areas have been designed to accommodate garbage and recycling bins and blend aesthetically with the style of development.

Low-rise villa case study (PDF 197KB)

Townhouse/villa Strathfield

This smaller multi-unit development consists of 16 two-storey townhouses and is divided into two blocks of eight dwellings. Each block has a communal waste storage area for shared residual and recycling bins. Residents are responsible for taking their waste and recycling to the communal storage areas while a caretaker keeps the communal storage area clean and tidy and moves the bins to and from the kerbside collection point.

Townhouse/villa case study (PDF308KB)

Three-storey walkup Homebush

This large-scale multi-unit dwelling consists of a series of three-storey (low-rise) unit blocks. The development is an example of the use of one large communal waste storage area to serve all dwellings in the complex, as well as the waste maintenance system. Space has been allocated within the storage area for the interim disposal of bulky items. A garden organics service is also provided, and with the large number of bins for the complex, clear separation of each waste stream is necessary to minimise contamination.

Three-storey walkup Homebush case study (PDF 317KB)

Three-storey walkup Fairfield

Fairfield City Council services a large number of three-storey walkup developments. The council is currently trialling the use of an underground bin for garbage collection in one of these developments, as a possible replacement for their existing bulk and 240L bin waste systems. The trial period will examine the potential benefits in terms of odour control, amenity and increased efficiency servicing.

Three-storey walkup Fairfield case study (PDF 287KB)

Integrated development City of Sydney

Integrated developments can provide residents with access to a variety of services and different accommodation options within the one site. They contain a series of different building types and uses. Collection of garbage and recyclables from these developments can be problematic if not well planned and managed, due to private roads within the development, shareways between buildings and the generation of commercial and domestic waste.

Integrated development City of Sydney case study (PDF 438KB)

High-rise development City of Sydney

This example shows a high-rise complex that consists of two connected development blocks. Originally designed and built as a hotel, the development now incorporates residential accommodation. Each block of units has a waste management system integrated within the new design. There is an on-site building manager who controls and monitors the waste system during the week and an appointed person on the weekend.

High-rise development City of Sydney case study (PDF 236KB)

Locked gate community Canterbury

This development consists of a series of separate three- and four-storey multi-unit developments. Collection of bins from locked gate communities can be problematic due to such issues as access and the different development types. This case study is an example of better practice where waste collection has been planned and developed in conjunction with the council to minimise collection problems. Residents can easily access facilities within the site such as basement storage areas and a caretaker is responsible for taking bins to and from designated collection points.

Locked gate community Canterbury case study (PDF 265KB)

Resource recovery reports

Assessment of resource recovery systems

The findings of following studies have been incorporated into Preferred Resource Recovery Practices by Local Councils – Best Bin Systems (PDF 781KB)

Performance measures for kerbside recycling systems

Local council data reports

View annual reports detailing local government kerbside collection performance and waste data surveys.

Waste Less, Recycle More community benchmark study

The Waste Less, Recycle More community benchmark study (PDF 2.5MB) explores the motivations and behaviours of NSW householders about how they recycle and manage their waste at home.

This research provides a benchmark for monitoring changes in knowledge, attitudes and behaviours relating to household waste management and recycling. The research was conducted with a representative sample of the NSW population and the results include recommendations on future strategies for programs looking to influence kerbside recycling, organics, problem wastes and illegal dumping. This piece of research will also assist in evaluating the effectiveness of these programs via tracking studies.

An executive summary and full report are available for download:

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Page last updated: 11 October 2016